rome open city

Among the thousands and thousands of pages of its history, the city of Rome bears traces of the wounds left by the tragic events of World War II. Numerous would be the facts and the places to be remembered, but there're various sites and some monuments in the city skyline that stand out more than others as they are directly linked to emblematic episodes of the drama and the endless horror of those days.

The south area of the city, for example, was the protagonist of the beginning of the "Resistenza Romana" at Porta San Paolo (St Paul's gate in Piazzale Ostiense). After the proclamation of the armistice, in a general climate of uncertainty, civilians and volunteers chose spontaneously to fight the Nazi occupation and four hundred of them paid their heroism dying.
Few weeks later was carried out the deportation of the Jews people from the Ghetto area while the Gestapo looked for, day in and day out, imprisoning and subjecting to any kind of torture partisans and innocents at the SS's prison located in a building in Via Tasso converted today in a museum. And from the prison in Via Tasso and from that of Regina Coeli were taken most of the 335 people sacrificed at the "Fosse Ardeatine" on 24th March 1944 as an act of retaliation against the attack occurred the day before in via Rasella against the Germans .

The tour, conducted with the help of a vehicle, includes stops at Porta San Paolo for the reading and discussion of the commemorative plaques, a visit to the "Historical Museum of the Liberation" where it's possible to visit the prison cells and approach to a rich and dramatic documentary collection; the memorial monument of the Fosse Ardeatine, site of the gruesome massacre of innocents chosen as the burial after the war. Eventually possibility to reach the area of the ancient Jewish ghetto, today a place of memory not only for the Roman Jews.

Our itinerary will let you discover this enchanting hill, from whose summit you can admire the most famous monuments of Rome and even the beginning of the Alban Hills. Thanks to its view, this romantic hill is one of the favorite places for lovers!
The hill is closely linked to the modern history of Italy and our Risorgimento, having been, in 1849,scene of armed clashes between the Republican troops, led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, and the French troops intervened to defend the Papal authority.
Even if the war went badly for Garibaldi and the italian patriots, the Hill became symbol of freedom and sacrifice for the Unification of the Country.

That's why the main plaza is named after Giuseppe Garibaldi and a beautiful, bronze equestrian statue stands right there, celebrating the hero of the two Worlds.
Near by, there is also a monument in honour of his wife, Anita Garibaldi, corageous and faithful woman, who always followed her husband and died in dramatic circumstances.
Recently, a Museum dedicated to the Roman Republic has been inaugurated: it keeps documents, reconstructions and multimedia devices functional to re-call the history of the hill.
The Museum is housed in the St. Pancrazio's door, renewed after the battles of the year 1849.
The itinerary takes about 3 hours and it can include a stop at the Monumento Ossario Garibadino, a mausoleum that keeps the remains of those who died during the events of the Roman Republic (1849) and the battles that led to the proclamation of Rome as Capital of the Unified Country of Italy (1870).

The Central Museum of the Risorgimento is arranged inside the Vittoriano or Altar for the Nation, the majestic and white monument built for the Unity and the Freedom of the Italian citizens in the aftermath of the process of unification that ended in 1870 with the proclamation of Rome as capital of the new kingdom. The documentary collection, equipped with memorabilia, pictures and various materials offers the students and the History enthusiasts an excellent opportunity to retrace the phases of the Risorgimento, providing a complete historical context that goes from the Napoleonic period to the First World War. At the end of the visit it's interesting to admire the reliefs, the statues and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the center of the Vittoriano, symbol, today, of all the deads of the Great War.

Special Itineraries

Guida Turistica Roma

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